Francesca Ciaraffa was born near Naples. She received a Doctor of Medicine from the Catholic University of Rome in 2002, and a diploma in Neurology in 2007. In 2012 she obtained a PhD in Cognitive Neurosciences from the University Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI and from the Catholic University of Rome. From 2009 to 2013 she worked at the National Neurological Institute Carlo Besta in Milan, as part of the experimental research project team Coma. In 2013, she joined the National Neurological Institute Mondino in Pavia, department of Neurological Emergencies. Her clinical and research focus is vascular events and other neurological emergencies, on multiple sclerosis, on disorders of consciousness, and on neuropsychology. She is post-doctoral research fellow in Neuro- Epidemiology at iPRI now working on a Prospective Cohort-Study of Long Term Safety of Teriflunomide treatment in Multiple Sclerosis patients in Europe, in collaboration with Multiple Sclerosis Registries of Denmark, Belgium, Swedish, Norway, Italy.